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Low Birth Weight


Welcoming a new addition to the family is a momentous occasion filled with joy, yet the prospect of low birth weight can raise concerns for both parents and healthcare providers. Dr. Sanjay Jain, a renowned paediatrician in Indore, delves into the significant factors contributing to low birth weight in newborns, offering invaluable insights for expectant parents.

The following causes are responsible for Low Birth Weight in Newborns:-

1)Premature Birth

A primary factor contributing to low birth weight is premature birth, occurring when a baby is delivered before completing the full 37 weeks of gestation. Premature infants might not have had sufficient time to fully develop in the womb, leading to a lower birth weight. Dr. Sanjay Jain emphasizes the critical role of attentive prenatal care in closely monitoring and managing pregnancies, thereby reducing the likelihood of premature birth and its associated risks.

2)Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR)

Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR) is a condition wherein the fetus doesn’t attain its full growth potential in the womb. Several factors, such as placental issues, maternal health concerns, or genetic predispositions, can contribute to this condition. Dr. Sanjay Jain underscores the importance of routine prenatal check-ups and continuous monitoring to detect and address signs of IUGR early in pregnancy.

3)Maternal Factors

The health and lifestyle choices of the mother significantly influence fetal development. Dr. Sanjay Jain emphasizes the impact of maternal factors, including insufficient nutrition, smoking, alcohol consumption, drug use, and certain medical conditions, on the baby’s birth weight. Addressing these factors through proper education and support during pregnancy is crucial to fostering optimal fetal growth.

Low Birth Weight

4)Multiple Pregnancies

Expecting twins, triplets, or more elevates the risk of low birth weight. Dr. Sanjay Jain clarifies that multiple pregnancies often result in a greater chance of premature birth and intrauterine growth restriction, given the heightened demands on the mother’s body. Vigilant monitoring and timely medical interventions are essential to minimize the risk of low birth weight in multiple pregnancies.


Pregnancy is a sensitive period for both women and the developing child. Throughout pregnancy, women undergo a significant increase in blood volume, pumping 40-50% more blood than usual. Their hearts operate 30-50% harder, resulting in feelings of fatigue and discomfort. Moreover, many expectant mothers are active in the workforce, with some enduring extended work hours and prolonged periods of standing. This exertion can impose additional strain on the pregnancy, potentially influencing fetal growth and the achievement of full-term delivery. Additional factors contributing to stress during pregnancy include exposure to harmful chemicals and a lack of emotional support from family and friends.

To consult with Dr. Sanjay Jain the Best Child Specialist in Indore click here


In the path to parenthood, understanding the factors influencing low birth weight becomes of utmost importance. Dr. Sanjay Jain, the Best Child Specialist in Indore, underscores the significance of taking a proactive approach to prenatal care and making informed lifestyle choices for expectant mothers. By tackling issues such as premature birth, intrauterine growth restriction, maternal influences, multiple pregnancies, and teenage pregnancies, parents can collaborate with healthcare professionals to enhance the likelihood of healthy birth weight for their newborns.

Recognizing that knowledge is a potent tool, particularly in the domain of pregnancy and childbirth, Dr. Sanjay Jain’s expertise acts as a guiding beacon for parents navigating the intricate landscape of pregnancy. This ensures that every child commences life with the best possible foundation. The expedition towards a healthy birth commences with a comprehensive understanding and resolution of the factors that contribute to low birth weight, paving the way for a radiant and flourishing future.

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